Seeking relief from nicotine addiction, some e-cigarette users turn to smoking

(CNN)Lucas McClain started smoking cigarettes in high school but switched to vaping after he heard e-cigarettes were a safer alternative. Even though McClain knows the dangers of cigarettes — lung cancer runs in his family — he thinks it might be easier to kick cigarettes than his Juul. Plus, his mom keeps warning him about the mysterious vaping-related illnesses that have sickened hundreds across the country. So last month, McClain bought his first pack of cigarettes in years. Then he tweeted about it. “Bought a juul to quit smoking cigarettes,” he wrote, “now I’m smoking cigarettes to quit the juul.” He ended with this hashtag: #circleoflife. One Juul pod, which provides about 200 puffs, contains as much nicotine as a …

Facebook debuts vaccine pop-up windows to stop the spread of misinformation

(CNN)A new feature is rolling out on Facebook and Instagram to combat the spread of anti-vaccine misinformation. How vaccines stop diseases like measles “We know that parents often turn to social media to access health information and connect with other parents, and it can be difficult to determine what is accurate and who the credible sources of information are,” CDC spokeswoman Kristen Nordlund said in an email on Wednesday. Combating “vaccine myths and misinformation is a shared responsibility and we applaud these efforts,” she said in part. This launch comes at the same time a measles outbreak has hit the United States, reaching more than 1,200 confirmed cases across 31 states since the beginning of the year. Outbreaks have also …

Teenage boy goes blind after existing on Pringles, white bread and french fries

(CNN)Eating a diet of french fries, Pringles and white bread was enough to make one teenage boy lose his sight, according to a case study published in a medical journal. Doctors discovered low vitamin B12 levels and anemia, treating the patient with vitamin B12 injections and offering dietary advice. One year later there were signs of hearing loss and vision symptoms, but doctors did not find the cause. His vision had worsened to the point of blindness by 17 years of age, and doctors identified vitamin B12 deficiency, low copper and selenium levels, a high zinc level, reduced vitamin D level and bone level density, according to a statement from the University of Bristol. By this stage, vision damage was …

The science of addiction: a personal struggle to kick cocaine gives a neuroscientist unique insights

Having survived a decade of drink and drugs as a young woman, Professor Judith Grisel focused all her determination on writing a book about addiction When guardianbookshop.com

Anti-abortion group uses US federal grants to push controversial fertility app

Femm app, which sows doubt about the pill, promoted by Obria group that was awarded $1.7m by Trump administration US federal grants intended to help poor women obtain contraceptives are being used to promote a menstruation tracking app funded and operated by anti-birth control andanti-abortion campaigners. The Femm app sows doubt about the birth control pill and promotes itself as a natural way for women to avoid or achieve pregnancy. The app collects womens most intimate data, including details on menstruation, sex, mood and prescription drugs. Its developers say it has been downloaded more than 400,000 times. The app is led by the nonprofit Femm Foundation, whose vocal supporter of Trumps anti-abortion policies. A approved by the Trump administration, and …

Testosterone can enhance libido in postmenopausal women, new research says

(CNN)Doctors have long mulled over using low doses of the hormone testosterone as a way to improve sexual function in some women, but evidence on its safety and efficacy has been somewhat lacking — until now. “Further research is needed to clarify the effects of testosterone treatment in premenopausal women and the effects on musculoskeletal and cognitive health and long-term safety,” they wrote. The researchers found that, compared with a placebo or another hormone treatment such as estrogen, taking testosterone for at least 12 weeks significantly increased sexual desire, pleasure, arousal, orgasm, responsiveness, self-image and the frequency of satisfactory sexual events in postmenopausal women. The data from those previous reports also showed that testosterone significantly reduced reported sexual concerns and …

Why Kevin Durant’s Achilles Tendon Was His Achilles’ Heel

You can watch Kevin Durant tear up his Achilles tendon in gif form if you want. It’s all over the internet—the Golden State Warriors’ scoring machine bouncing the ball between his legs in an attempt to get past Serge Ibaka of the Toronto Raptors, pushing off his right leg and pivoting on his left, showing Ibaka his back. Then when Durant puts his weight back down after the turn, something’s wrong. He has felt a pop, like getting hit in the back of the leg. Durant limps off the court. He’d later report on Instagram that, yes, his right Achilles tendon had ruptured, that he had gotten surgery to repair it, and that he wouldn’t be playing basketball for a …

Amid measles outbreak, New York ends religious exemptions for vaccines

(CNN)Amid an ongoing measles outbreak, New York is requiring schoolchildren to be vaccinated, even if parents have religious objections. “While I understand and respect freedom of religion, our first job is to protect the public health and by signing this measure into law, we will help prevent further transmissions and stop this outbreak right in its tracks,” he said. Cuomo signed the bill immediately after the Legislature passed it; the Senate voted 36-26 and the Assembly voted 77-53. The bills were introduced in January. “We are dealing with a public health emergency that requires immediate action,” state Sen. Brad Hoylman, sponsor of the Senate bill, said during the vote. New York has become the epicenter of a measles outbreak in …

Sleeping with lights on and weight gain in women linked in new study

(CNN)Keeping a lot of light on while you snooze — such as from a television or bright nightlight — has been linked with an increased risk of weight gain and obesity. Obesity means having too much body fat and overweight means weighing too much, according to the US National Library of Medicine. Both overweight and obesity are based on your body mass index but “obese” generally means having a much higher BMI. “We are in the middle of an obesity epidemic in the United States and the things that we usually think about for obesity prevention are hard for people to do — eat a better diet, get more exercise — and we don’t seem to be making a dent,” …

Facebook debuts US blood donation tool, its latest public health move

(CNN)Facebook is no longer just a place to connect with former high school buddies; the social media giant now wants to make it easier for you to connect with blood banks, too. Saving lives: The story of blood donations Now, “taking the results that Facebook has achieved in Brazil and India and Pakistan, we can actually, conceptually, could double the number of blood donors in the United States,” Cliff Numark, senior vice president of the American Red Cross, told Gupta on Tuesday. Each year, an estimated 6.8 million people in the United States donate blood, according to the American Red Cross. “This could really totally change the blood banking system in America,” Numark said. The blood donation feature hits close …

The two groups that reach the peak of human endurance? Extreme athletes and pregnant women

(CNN)In pushing the boundaries of human endurance, extreme athletes and pregnant women are unmatched, a new study says. Longer pushes require lower intensities, but over a short period of time, the human body can successfully exert 4,000 calories on average before hitting the wall. That’s 2.5 times the basal metabolic rate, or amount of calories a body needs to operate while at rest. The average person won’t reach those limits in a typical workout (except maybe Crossfit, Pontzer noted), but pregnant women and extreme athletes cut it close. Weeklong races and nine-month pregnancies similarly push the body to its limits, often burning calories at a rate the body can’t keep up with. Original Article : HERE ; The Ultimate Survival …

Colorado couple: We were sickened at same Dominican Republic resort where 3 Americans died

(CNN)As authorities investigate the unexplained deaths of three Americans at a resort in the Dominican Republic, a Colorado couple who stayed at the same facility last year said they became violently ill after being exposed to what they suspect were insecticides spread through the air conditioning system. Last month, Edward Nathaniel Holmes, 63 and Cynthia Day, 49, were found unresponsive in their hotel room at the resort in La Romana. Authorities in the Dominican Republic said a preliminary autopsy found that the couple suffered respiratory failure and pulmonary edema, caused by excess lung fluid. Day also suffered a cerebral edema. Five days earlier, 41-year-old Miranda Schaup-Werner died in her room with her husband nearby. The couples checked in on the …

Opioid Crisis Fast Facts

(CNN)Here’s a look at the opioid crisis. Prescription opioid volumes peaked in 2011, with the equivalent of 240 billion milligrams of morphine prescribed, according to the market research firm, IQVIA Institute for Human Data Science. The volume declined to about 171 million milligrams of morphine in 2017, a 29% drop. Common opioids:Opioids bind to receptors in the brain and spinal cord, disrupting pain signals. They also activate the reward areas of the brain by releasing the hormone dopamine, creating a feeling of euphoria or a “high.” Opioids such as morphine and codeine are naturally derived from opium poppy plants more commonly grown in Asia, Central America and South America. Heroin is an illegal drug synthesized from morphine. Hydrocodone and oxycodone …

Science of anger: how gender, age and personality shape this emotion

What purpose does anger serve? Are men angrier than women? Can it affect our mental wellbeing? Science is beginning to uncover some of the answers Anger is the flash of fire that sparks in your brain when you feel you have been shortchanged. Perhaps a stranger has nipped into the parking space that you had been about to occupy, or a lazy work colleague has landed you with a thankless task. Or maybe you have been confronted with a deep, hurtful betrayal by someone you love. Anger is one of the most primitive emotions we experience animals are equipped with the same basic neural circuitry. It operates on a spectrum from mild frustration to absolute fury, and the intensity with …

‘Heartbeat’ Bills Get the Science of Fetal Heartbeats All Wrong

Last week, Georgia governor Brian Kemp—the narrow winner over Stacey Abrams in a contentious, sketchy election last year—signed into law a ban on abortions after more than six weeks of pregnancy. That made Georgia the sixth state to institute such a ban, and the fourth this year (Ohio’s elected officials put theirs in place in April), with seven more states kicking around the idea. It’s not even the most aggressive anti-abortion concept; the Alabama state senate is set to vote today on a bill that, if it became law, would make performing an abortion a crime punishable by up to 99 years in prison. They’re all part of a nationwide push, with more than 300 bills in 2019, to try …

‘Consensual rape’ and ‘re-implantation’: the times lawmakers ‘misspoke’ on abortion

Politicians saying ludicrous things while arguing for extreme abortion restrictions seems to be common On Friday told the Missouri house that most of the rapes he had encountered in his previous role in law enforcement were date rapes or consensual rapes. While Hovis noted that these were all terrible he also stressed they were very tricky he-said-she-said situations. In any case, the lawmaker said, his real point was that, if someone was sexually assaulted they could simply take the morning after pill. Although, to be clear, he repeated this nonsense several times. An egg is only considered human life if it is in a woman According to the anti-abortion brigade, life begins at conception. It turns out, however, that there …